An Essay And Article On India After Independence
India achieved its political independence on the auspicious day of 15th August 1947. It was after momentous struggle that she succeeded in throwing of the shackles of British rule. It was a freedom movement that had galvanized millions of people of all caste, creed and religions and brought the British Empire to its knees. Now when five decades have passed of that glorious achievement, its worth to reflect what should have been our gains in these years of self rule. Every great event leaves behind both happy and sad memories and our case was no exception. We had to pay heavy price for our freedom as the nation was divided. The partition of India was not a bloodless incident. Riot and senseless killings of innocents followed the actual process of partition. It so much grieved our father of nation, Mahatma Gandhi that he traveled bare-footed to regions asking people to stop it. A year later he lay down his life at the hands of a fanatic.
Condition Of India At The Time Of Independence
Also at the time of independence, many princely states were not included in the Independent India by the Britishers, which were a big question mark on the unity of the newly-born nation. But the able statesmanship of Sardar Ballabh Bhai Patel, Our then Home Minister saw the merger with commendable skill. Great Political personalities like Dr Rajendra Prasad, Maulana Azad, Raj Gopalachari left one by one and so the nation was made bereft of the guidance of such ‘people who were instrumental in getting our national freedom. One severe blow to newly-won independence was attack a year later on our beautiful province of Kashmir. It was the hand’ work of Pakistan who with the help of Kabilas, most of whom were regular Pakistani soldiers, attacked on Kashimir and occupied a large portion of it, still known as Pakistan occupied Kashmir. This issue remains still unresolved and a topic of continuous international debate. The spate of unpleasant events did not stop. China who most vocally proposed the slogan of ‘Hindi-Chini Bhai-Bhai’ backstabbed us and attacked on our north eastern borders in 1962.
They occupied many thousands of kilometers which still remains in their hands. It grieved our statesman and then Prime Minister Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru who had so earnestly envisaged the Theory of Panchsheel of collective existence. Pakistan also attacked twice on India once in 1965 and then is 1971. Though it was defeated, yet it disturbed the peace of a nation advancing on the path of progress. Though India showed a remarkably flourishing democracy yet for various reasons it did not proceed smoothly. The dissident elements hampered smooth transition. Sometimes it was due to genuine social problems, but most of the times it was sponsored by out-side. side powers to destabilize our country and undermine its sovereignty. Telangana movement led to the formation of Andhra Pradesh. The Naxal movement which was basically a result of land-related problems did not abate for years and spread even to northern states. It was more because of lack of a just and effective policy on the part of the government. But the Separatist Movement in most of the north eastern states had clearly foreign hand behind them as these were strategically important frontier states. The powers involved did everything to effect their secession from Indian Union.
Urgent Need To Uplift India As A Global competitor
Till date they are fueling these movements in the hope of their evil wishes. But if we turn our heads to look another aspect of democratic India, it fills our heart with faith hope and joy. We have, as a nation, made remarkable progress in each and every walk of life. To begin with we gave our self a democratic republican form of government. It was the most unbiased choice for a nation to opt which was numerously diverse in all aspects. It gave a fair chance to all its citizens to live their individual life as well as contribute to national progress. The adoption of mixed economy and planned development suited our condition well which gave incentive to development of business and trade and at the same time protected the interests of financially weaker sections of the society. The British subjugation had completely destroyed indigenous industries and at the time of independence, most of our consumable goods were imported from outside. But gradually we came to produce all big and small items of use. Special emphasis was led on technological development and later on even heavy and sophisticated machinery from ships, to computers were manufactured indigenous.
Education, Industry, Health, Defense -all aspects of a nation which are vital were dealt wisely and efforts were made to make ourselves sound in these fields. Many nations tried to hamper our progress by denying technological knowledge who in many areas. But our scientist achieved this despite these constraints Nuclear power harnessing, which few nations are capable of, India too achieved and completely on its own. Despite this, we remain committed to its use for peaceful purposes, though we are capable of using it militarily. Our defense forces are large and fully equipped with latest weapons. Most of our defense supplies we ourselves produce which makes us self- reliant. In the field of agriculture, commerce, education, social and cultural activities also our efforts had been praiseworthy. Agriculture had been modernized to a great extent and our produce after surpasses the needed amount. Big river dam projects and engineering plants have boosted our progress in power sector. Telecommunication has also taken giant strides and even the far flung villages are now telephonically connected.
Railways- the Backbone Of Indian Economy
Our railways network is truly vast and makes the lifeline of nation connecting all the major cities. Clothes, automobiles, consumers goods are exported in large quantities from us. Not only this, India is the major exporter of technology to Asian and Arabic countries. All this tells that developments had been vast and competent in the major areas of national life. But, at the same time there is something which saddens sand makes us look at it reflectively. Corruption has vitiated our social life. The benefits of development have failed to reach the lower rungs. We, who had fought the British united, stood now divided on issues of caste, region, religion, etc. Money has become the sole driving force and nobody wants to live for the nation. We are forgetting our cultural values, our heritage and the sacrifices people made so that we could Jive in free India. Selfishness has blinded us all. All this points to the single fact of lack of national character. This mars all our achievements. What we have succeeded in achieving could be preserved only if we understand its true value and try our best to keep it so. It calls for a mature, intelligent sensitive and sacrificing spirit, unblemished by the dirt of selfishness. Only then we can preserve and advance, what we have gained as a nation (India) and as a people, in the time to come.
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