An Essay And Article on History
History is an important subject and discipline of study. It teaches us so many things and enlightens us. It makes us wiser, nobler, braver and sagacious. It helps us to seek our roots in the pas and prepare for the future. The people who refuse to learn from the past are destined to suffer and lose. The study of history teaches us how to avoid mistakes and errors and exploit our strengths. It also helps us in becoming more adaptable, dynamic, practical and result-oriented in the light of past events, happenings and historical developments. It is really thrilling to know with the help of history how our forefathers lived and worked and how much we have progressed since their time. All our space researches and travels are a great attempt to re-discover ourselves, our creation and the history of the universe Man likes ‘and loves to unravel the mysteries of life and nature. And this is all history in a comprehensive and liberal sense. It is foolish to confine history to the recorded facts, figures and statements. They are important and interesting but to know about the unknown past is more significant and interesting: For example, India’s recorded history begins from the times of Buddha. But India’s history goes far back to Vedic and Indus Valley periods. And the history of that hoary past lies hidden in ancient religious texts in Sanskrit, Pali and Tamil literatures. The Epics and Puranas are also veiled history. They tell us so many things about the social, cultural, political and family life of those times.
Importance Of History
History is a serious subject and should be taught and learnt with all the seriousness it deserves. The American founder of Ford Motor company made a sweeping statement when he said, “History is more or less bunk,” His statement was not based on facts. It was wrong and erroneous. History is neither a sting of tales and fables nor a collection of dry and useless facts and figures. The prejudice against history is because of our failure to understand the subject in its proper perspective. It is not a mere collection of the records of past events and happenings. It is not a mere record of wars, battles and treaties of the past. It is much more than that. For example, Ashoka is regarded as a great king not because of his victory of Kalinga. But because of his great humanitarian achievements and acts of public welfare, Akbar is remembered today not because of his wealth and splendor but because of his message of religious tolerance and secularism. Carlyle called history as the biography of the great men. But he has not told the whole truth about history. It is biography of great men, but besides this, it is also the history of the triumphs, travails and progress of human civilization. Great men are there because there are common men and public. History is also the record of the march of human culture, religion, arts, literature and ethos. We should not view history through the narrow spectacles of our likes and dislikes. What is Ganga, but a liquid and flowing history of India? Himalaya is not simply a mountain.
It is a great historical and geographical monument of the country. History should be studied because it is a fascinating subject. It is full of marvelous facts, figures, events, doings, and happenings and facts are stranger than fiction. Study of history is not only profitable, but also very interesting. It is as interesting as a thrilling novel, fiction or a story. Many great works of literature are based on history. Shakespeare has created many historical plays and so did Jai Shankar Prasad. There are many great historical novels, fictions and stories in the world literature. Study of history strengthens the bonds of nationalism, unity and integrity. It teaches us how to be proud of past common cultural heritage and achievements. It broadens the horizon of our understanding and teaches us how to appreciate the cultures and lifestyles of other countries. It also very well underlines the fact that life is basically one and the same every- where. It is through the study of history that better understanding and relations among nations can be achieved and maintained. It is said that history repeats itself in the sense that similar causes have similar results. For example, India lost its freedom because of internal quarrels, dissensions and disunity. If these things again prevail the country may again disintegrate. Thus, history teaches us to be always vigilant, united, strong and prosperous. It tea, teaches us to be patriotic, but at the same time it also says that patriotism is not enough. Nationalism should merge harmoniously with internationalism.
Extreme and aggressive patriotism leads to chaos, wars and destruction as is evident from the last two World Wars. The lessons of history are forever and of far reaching consequences. They cannot be neglected or forgotten. The benefits and uses of history are too many to be counted. Nehru wrote his famous historical books ‘The Discovery of India and the ‘Glimpses of the World History’ keeping in view these benefits. History helps us in understanding our present in the light of the past and urge us to shape our future in the light of historical experiences. History tries to explain the why and wherefore of things, happenings and events. History has as many uses as any other subject or human discipline has. Great men and women have always been keen students of history. For example, Pandit Nehru was not only extremely interested in history but also a great history. History can be recreated with the help of literature, monuments, coins, stamps etc. For example, many people who are not the students of history have come to know much about Gandhiji from Richard At- ten borough’s film “Gandhi”. Similarly the T.V. serial “Chanakya” throws much light on the life and character of Chanakya and the social, political and cultural activities of those times. we must not forget history for better tomorrow.
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